Jose Marti Square: Park of Dignity

Jose Marti Square: Park of the Dignity emerged on March 25 of 1995 as a cultural square in the same chest of Las Tunas city, paying permanent tribute to the National Hero from Cuba "José Martí."

Martiana Square, works of the architect Domingo Alás Rosell, it is the result of a deep and specify historical, astronomical and architectural study, where the square has two big main characters: the National Hero from Cuba, José Martí, represented by Rita Longa's sculpture, and the Sun.

Jose Marti Square, Park of Dignity

The work is composed by a Solar Clock, Calendar, a solar reflector, the bronze mask with the Teacher's effigy sculpted by Rita Longa and ceramic mural of the artist Pedro Escobar, representing the incorporation from the people from Las Tunas to the war of 1895.

Associated to the movement of the shade, the solar calendar works that drawn in the floor it describes in the surface of the floor a series of coincident lines in those that stand out historical and astronomical dates as the birthday and the Apostle's death, and the summer solstices and winter and the spring equinoxes and autumn.

To the bottom, in a mural, two sentences of José Martí appear: "The light is the supreme joy of the men" and "it is the hour of the ovens and not to of see more than the light". In their expressive multi-possibilities in both sentences the word light appears, with polysemic values.

Jose Marti Square, Park of Dignity

The reflector is a flat mirror located in the head of a pedestal that projects the sunlight in José Martí's face sculpted in bronze by Rita Longa, noted Cuban sculptress deceased.

This component is located astronomically according to the solar coordinates (azimuth and solar height) every May 19 at 14:30 h, time of the Apostle's death, it’s reflected the solar light on its mask; however, for coincidence, similar illumination takes place on July 26.

The Martiana Square is formed by other architectural current symbols captured in a mural, and a monument in the exact place where José Martí fell in combat, in this city, Ángel de la Guardia Bello, only eyewitness of the National Hero from Cuba’s downfall, in Dos Ríos.