Architecture

In several occasions, historians and experts of the culture and the patrimony of Las Tunas City have affirmed that the Historical Urban Center has as fundamental characteristic the predominant presence of the eclecticism in the constructive ways of the buildings, affirmation that has contributed to identify every local architecture as eclectic and to protect with more intensity this style, sometimes neglecting other valuable manifestations.

Vicente García Parade Ground

The eclecticism of Las Tunas city is characterized essentially by the ornamental simplicity in its architectural elements, columns, capitals, ciboria and arches, products of the manufacturers’ individual creation, craftsman, foremen or simple materialization of the owner's pleasure.

These buildings were erected on the foundations of colonial houses subjected to devastating arson attack during the Independence Wars, with the result that this architecture type is predominant.

The Urban Historical Center of Las Tunas city is characterized by the coexistence of several architectural styles: eclectic, Art Deco, neocolonial, proto- rationalism, rationalism and some marks of the colonial architecture, prevailing undoubtedly the eclectic style.

Vicente Garcia Museum

There are 192 eclectic properties for 40.2% in Las Tunas downtown. This number demonstrates the prevalence of the same one in the original core of the town. The 69,1% of them maintains their original characteristics and their conservation grade is favorable, the 30,9% is very deteriorated and transformed, being conserved in some cases only facades and interior scarce elements as arches and columns.

In Las Tunas city, most representative exponents are:

  • The Provincial Museum
  • The Provincial Library "José Martí"
  • Memorial “Vicente García”

There’re the balustrades, the Creole tiles in accomplice harmony with the Art-Deco, the rationalistic and neocolonial constructions, and those 14 life properties from the colony that denounce their roots and the amalgam of architectural details that identify and distinguish Las Tunas city to be owner of the smallest historic city center in Cuba, with 33 blocks, included two parks and two squares, an extension of 14 hectares, 444 housing (183 in the historic city center) and 53 offices, most of them located in locals that were old living space.

Jose Marti Square, Park of Dignity

A study carried out by the architect Zenia Nieves about Art Deco in Las Tunas city made easier to clear up the widely affirmation: "The Tunas, capital of the eclecticism in Cuba”. The previous data allow affirming: The Eclecticism and Art Deco is manifested very strong although the first one prevails lightly in the Historic Urban Center, but in the city, in a general way, Art Deco is more spread.

In the city of The Tunas Art Deco assumes characteristic specific because the economically rich class continues building their residential eclectic housings, up to 1930 approximately, and the medium and the small bourgeoisies are those that follow this influence, building in bordering areas to the center, in most of the cases with the objective of renting them and building every house similar or serial housing. Almost every one lack portal, for what the access is direct from the street to the living room.

Antilles Fountain (Fuente de las  Antillas)

The same as in the eclecticism, it is in the facade where the influence of the style is more observed, different ornamental forms are used, and the parapets are finished off almost in its entirety with geometric motif stepped. Tiles of different and brilliant colors are usually used, in position like diamond shape on the openings or in the parapet.

As one of the most significant urban spaces stands out:

  • Central Park “Vicente García González” (the ancient Parade Ground Square been founded in 1915).

With the revolutionary victory of 1959, numerable works of great meaning have arisen where it shows the integration of the Arts and the Architecture with the collaboration of plastic artists, architects, constructors and other young specialists and of outstanding fame, with intentions of develop the Cuban culture and to elevate it until the highest in the international podium. Among all these art works figure:

  • Fountain of Las Antillas (Fuente de Las Antillas)
  • Martiana Square (Plaza Martiana): The Dignity Park
  • The Revolution Square Major General “Vicente García González”