Major General Francisco Varona

Francisco Varona González, great Cuban revolutionary that began his conspiratorial works in 1865, was born in June 15 of 1832 in Ventorrillo estate, in Las Tunas city.

Francisco Varona González passed his childhood in a roomy mansion, property of his parents: Esteban Ignacio de Varona and doña Catalina Ezequiela González.

Francisco Varona González

Too early, Vicente made contact with his cousin García, which was more than a family, they had every time mutual understanding, a friendship.

The attack to Las Tunas in 1851 by Joaquín de Agüero, a patriot from Camagüey province, had a deeply repercussions in youth from Las Tunas and especially in Francisco Varona and Vicente García who they had respectively 19 and 18 years.

May 14 of 1856, Francisco Varona González got married with the Mercedes Tornet Villareal from Bayamo city in Granma province, who became noble mambisa during independence war, spending time with her husband ad sharing together the vicissitudes of the revolutionary fight.

In meeting developed in Las Tunas in 1867, Rubalcava exposed the works that were developed in Camagüey and in Bayamo, pronouncing an ardent speech. Those present drank a toast for freedom, swearing work hard to raise the jurisdiction’s spirit. In one of the agreements taken in this meeting to Francisco Varona corresponds him to assist the party of the district of Yariguá for the sake of raise the revolutionary fervor that was needed in those time to liberate Cuba of the Spain domination.

Main Events

  • October 14 of 1867 Francisco Varona took to the hills.
  • October 14 of 1867, got his first combat in Playuelas, near Las Tunas, making the enemy retreat. In hours of the afternoon he fought again in La Cuarentena, also victorious for the Cuban weapons.
  • April 19 of 1869 Francisco Varona next to Vicente García attacked a Spanish column in Diego Felipe.
  • June 7 of 1869 occupied with his boss a convoy in Becerra that went from Puerto Padre to Las Tunas, with 23 carts full of foods and equipment of war. The same one was completely in insurgent hands, constituting this one the first great victory of the Army Liberator to opened field in this oriental district.
  • August 16 of 1869 participated Varona as subordinate of Manuel de Quesada, in the assault to Las Tunas.
  • Francisco Varona participated with colonel rank and officer in command of the cavalry regiment Rio Blanco in the political Movement of Lagunas de Varona.
  • February 23 of 1876, the colonel Francisco Varona and his troops assaulted Puerto Padre. The town was taken and they caused the enemy 20 deaths. All the establishments of the State were sacked respecting always the property of the neighbors. It was taken an enormous booty of clothes and provisions, 14 horses, heads of cattle, park in abundance, 200 rifles and great quantity of cold steel.
  • September 13 1876: Varona participated in glorious scenarios as the taking of Las Tunas. After lots of efforts and fruitful combats, the Pacto de Zanjón that Francisco Varoa rejected vigorously incorporating with Vicente García and Maceo in the Protest of Baraguá took place.

In 1879, Francisco Varona González and his son Francisco Varona Tornet, front of the Las Tunas troops, rose up when Smallest War. Victim of a false agreement, after the failure of this intent, Francisco Varona Tornet was took prisoner and his son deported to Spain.
He returned to the homeland in 1886, after Vicente García's murder in Venezuela and in Las Tunas territory he dedicated all efforts to the organization of the new war.

February 24 of 1895, when the gendarmes of the Spanish Crown surrounded his house, Francisco Varona González was already in the insurrection field, again to the order of mother country; fulfilling Vicente García's legacy, of helping to the Cuba freedom.

Once the war of 1895 began, Francisco Varona González got the rank of Major General of the Cuban Army; three stars shine brightly in his military jacket, as reward to his military deeds and his proven patriotism.

For his advanced age and the not well state of health, Francisco Varona González remained from 1896 in his barracks of San Luis, protected by a special escort that assigned him the Government Council.

In the area of Gibara, August 21 of 1899 died the old oak of the Cuban independence, crowned of laurels and victories, surrounded of his children of weapons that in hard struggle for life, staged hundred of battles in his wish for the freedom of Cuba.