Practically from the birth of Las Tunas province, in 1976 with administrative region, it existed already here a movement of sculptors as many fans as professionals. For such a reason, it is taking place in the territory in 1974 the First Sculptors National Meeting, at the same as in the second one, the presented samples had more inclination toward the small format work.

It is the III Sculptors National Meeting in 1977 whish with a superior relevance by the amount and quality of works and the presence of outstanding national figures, as: the Cuban plastic artist Rita Longa. It was in that moment when artists thought about donates collections to the province, to summon natural works, to keep alive the movement and its meetings and to create the conditions to declare to Las Tunas, “City of Cuban Sculpture”.

Times ago, Rita had the opportunity to begin to work in one of her more grateful works, and pride of Las Tunas people, La Fuente de Las Antillas, inspired by an aboriginal history of this Island. This way Las Tunas city, is scenario where is showing more than hundred of sculptures making beautify the urban landscape. Here they have left their print other artists like Ángel Iñigo, with their Rural Minstrel, but they are those of the patio who take charge of conceiving good part of the monumental sculptures distributed by the eight municipalities.

Starting from 1995 the Meeting became Biennial and they maintained the space to promote this manifestation, to exchange among artists and to increase Las Tunas collection. Parallelly to the event it is exposed, with competitive character, The National Gallery of Sculptures in Small Format and retrospective samples of the Biennial ones with theory sessions.

After one period of monumental works absent, in IV Biennial of Sculptors dedicated Rita Longa, , 14 art works were summoned in some of the growing arteries of the city in the last years. The exhibition of small format works has transcended for the quality and formal search of the creations and Las Tunas consolidates as the first square of this artistic manifestation in Cuba.

In the municipality of Las Tunas exists 125 commemorative constructions, of them, 47 sculptures, 55 tarjas, 11 busts, 3 statues, 3 obelisks, 3 pantheons, 3 mausoleums and a stone tablet.

For their artistic, historical or environmental values, 26 pieces are considered of great patrimonial value, such as the sculpture to Vicente García and to The Mothers, works symbols of Las Tunas city because of its great values.

For people from Las Tunas, the sculptures are part of their landscape day by day, here the Monument to the Work, over there the Indian heads opposed (including Cacique Maniabo, Jibacoa and Column Taína). In social works, in parks, squares, sources, interiors... everywhere you can find sculptures. For their root among the artists, for the pride of the inhabitants, for the respect to that creative work, because it was a purpose of the founders of the Movement... for all those reasons Las Tunas is Capital of Cuban Sculpture.